In 2000, the Employment and Training Administration awarded grants to 36 communities to provide services – including education, employment, support, and leadership development – to youth ages 14 to 21 in high poverty areas. The grants ranged from $3 million to $44 million over five years (2000 to 2005). The objective of the Youth Opportunity Grants Initiative (YO) was to concentrate a sufficient level of funds in high poverty areas to improve the long-term educational and employment outcomes of youth living in these areas and to serve a high enough proportion of those youth to positively affect peer pressure. The study concluded that YO succeeded in concentrating large amounts of resources in high poverty areas and reaching a large proportion of the youth in those areas. The study also concluded that positive community-level impacts are achievable for communities such as those served by YO, especially with regard to educational outcomes.
The YO reports can be accessed at the ETA Publication Database website at the following URL: http://wdr.doleta.gov/research/keyword.cfm?fuseaction=dsp_resultDetails&pub_id=2393&mp=y
The YO public use data set can be accessed at the following URL: http://www.doleta.gov/etainfo/opder/YODataSet.cfm